The Sahara Desert, also known as the facts about Great Sahara Desert, is the hottest desert in the world located in the continent of Africa. The world’s first largest desert is Antarctica, the second is the Arctic and the third is the Sahara desert of Africa. The Sahara includes large parts of Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan, and Tunisia. The world’s largest desert, the Sahara Desert, stretches about 3,000 miles from the Atlantic Ocean in its east, from the Nile to the Red Sea.
To the south, the Sahara Desert is surrounded by the Atlas Mountains of Morocco and the Mediterranean Sea. Its area of 9.2 million square kilometers is equal to that of China or the United States, which covers about 31% of the land area of the continent of Africa.
History of Sahara Desert
About the history of the Sahara Desert or facts about the Great Sahara Desert or the Sahara Desert, researchers from the University of Texas, America, have told that about 6000 years ago, the Sahara Desert used to be a very green land. Earlier, there was a lot of rain in the Sahara too, but suddenly the climate change affected the region a lot and the Sahara turned into a desert. Thousands of years ago people lived on the edge of the desert in the Sahara desert. But gradually due to the heat here people changed their place of residence.
Fossils of dinosaurs including Afroventer, Joberia and Aunosaurus have also been found in the Sahara Desert. In 1600 BC, the Earth’s axis changed, which made Africa desert. Traces of agriculture dating back to 4000 BC have also been found here. In 1922, a hurricane and flood destroyed Tamanrasset in Algeria.
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Interesting Facts About Sahara Desert
- The name of the Sahara desert is derived from the Arabic language Sahara which means desert.
- The area of the Sahara desert is about 2 times that of India.
- In the Sahara Desert, the day temperature is above 56 °C, and the snow-freezing temperature goes below zero at night.
- The Sahara Desert covers 8 percent of the world’s land area. This desert is spread over a total of 11 countries.
- The world’s longest river Nile passes through the eastern part of the Sahara desert.
- On December 19, 2016, there was snowfall in the Sahara after 37 years. Earlier this was seen in the year 1979.
- Many sand dunes in the Sahara Desert reach heights of more than 180 meters. The highest point of this desert is the extinct volcano Mount Cusi in Chad, whose height is 3415 meters.
- More than 12000 camels have been used for caravan trade in the Sahara desert.
- The most common language spoken in the Sahara is Arabic.
- Wells, rivers and springs are also seen at some places in the Sahara desert.
- A salt water lake is also found in the Sahara desert.
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The Mystery Of The Sahara Desert Of Africa
If all of you will be curious to know about the mystery of the Sahara desert, then let us tell you that the most unique secret of this desert is the blue eye made here. This amazing artwork is not able to see like the human eye but looks exactly like the human eye. This eye can be seen clearly from space. Many researchers believe that this eye was made by humans and according to many researchers, this amazing structure is believed to be made by aliens in the middle of the sand. Apart from this, there are many mysteries related to the Sahara Desert.
Many years ago, the fall of snow in the Sahara Desert created a river there known as the Guelta d’Archei and the animals of the Sahara Desert survive by drinking the water of this river. This water never dries up. But due to the excreta and urine of the camels, this water has now turned black.
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Highest Temperature Of facts about the Great Sahara Desert
The highest temperature ever recorded in the Sahara desert was on 13 September 1922. The temperature in the Sahara Desert reached 136 degrees Fahrenheit on this day.
In which country is the desert desert located
The Sahara Desert is located in the continent of Africa.
What is the area of Sahara Desert
The area of the Sahara Desert is spread over an area of about 9.2 million square kilometres.
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Does Anyone Live In The Sahara Desert
Do you know that anyone can live in the desert too, so let us tell you that people like to live in the Sahara Desert too. The Tuareg people of the Sahara Desert are the people of African countries such as Nigerians, Malians, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. Tuareg people live in the Sahara Desert by forming families as tribes. The Tuareg people belong to the Islamic religion, which has its own distinct culture and language.
These people give very high status to women. Tuareg men wear a turban called Tagelmust. Tuareg people cover their mouths with such clothes so that they are protected from pollution. The people here are skilled in the art of making talismans, jewelry and accessories.
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Animals of facts about the Great Sahara Desert
Animals are also found in the Sahara desert, some of which include biscara, catfish, gerbil, ostrich, jerboa, cape hare, desert elephant, barbarian sheep, dama deer, Nubian wild ass. The Sahara also contains many species of birds. Algae and brine shrimp and other crustaceans are also found in the lakes and pools of the Sahara. Animals and birds of facts about the Great Sahara Desert use snails for food. Lizards, chameleons, skeletons and cobras are found among rocks and dunes.
Vegetation in Sahara Desert
On hearing the name of the Sahara desert, you will be surprised that plants and vegetation are also found here. We would like to give you information about some of the major plants and flora of the Sahara Desert. Of which Leperin’s olive tree, Saharan cypress, date palm, desert thyme, tamarisk, acacia palm, desert gourd are prominent. Despite the harsh and dry climate of the Sahara, there are many places where plant species grow.
Sahara Desert Temperature
The Sahara Desert is the hottest desert in the world with an annual average temperature of 86 °F or 30 °C. Apart from this, the temperature varies, with the highest temperature being 122 degrees Fahrenheit or 50 degrees Celsius.
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Economy Of facts about the Great Sahara Desert
Mineral resources started being traded from facts about the Great Sahara Desert only after the Second World War. Sahara Desert is considered to be the center of oil, natural gas, coal all these minerals. It was for these mineral industries that the entire region of the Sahara had started to develop.
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Train Journey in the Sahara Desert
You would not have even thought of traveling by train to the Sahara desert. But in the Sahara, the train runs in the middle area, so that tourists can enjoy the whole Sahara desert. Although this train was once banned due to the killing of some French passengers, it has been restarted. If you come to the Sahara Desert, then definitely take advantage of the journey of this wonderful train.
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